Bibliography

Here you can find a list of all bibliography referred to on this site. This page should not yet be considered comprehensive, but I’ll do my best to make it so in due time. Some of the more prominent entries below are annotated.

Scholarly Literature in Print

Bivar 1983 = Bivar, A.D.H. 1983. “The Political History of Iran under the Arsacids.” In The Cambridge History of Iran, edited by E. Yarshater, 3:21–99. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Canepa 2009 = Canepa, Matthew P. 2009. The Two Eyes of the Earth: Art and Ritual of Kingship between Rome and Sasanian Iran. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Daryaee 2009 = Daryaee, Touraj. 2009. Sasanian Persia: The Rise and Fall of an Empire. International Library of Iranian Studies 8. London; New York: I.B. Tauris.

de Jong 1997 = de Jong, Albert. 1997. Traditions of the Magi: Zoroastrianism in Greek and Latin Literature. Leiden: Brill.

De Rossi 2004 = De Rossi, F.C. 2004. Iscrizioni dello Estremo Oriente Greco. Bonn: Habelt.

Dignas and Winter 2007 = Dignas, Beate, and Engelbert Winter. 2007. Rome and Persia in Late Antiquity: Neighbours and Rivals. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Durkin-Meisterernst 1998 = Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond. 1998. Dictionary of Manichaean Middle Persian and Parthian. Edited by S. Clackson. Vol. 3 (1). Dictionary of Manichaean Texts. Turnhout: Brepols.

Durkin-Meisterernst 2014 = Durkin-Meisterernst, Desmond. 2014. Grammatik Des Westmitteliranischen (Parthisch Und Mittelpersisch). Wien: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Ehling 2008 = Ehling, Kay. 2008. Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der späten Seleukiden (164–63 v. Chr.): Vom Tode des Antiochos IV. bis zur Einrichtung der Provinz Syria unter Pompeius. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Fowler 2005 = Fowler, Richard. 2005. “‘Most Fortunate Roots’: Tradition and Legitimacy in Parthian Royal Ideology.” In Imaginary Kings: Royal Images in the Ancient Near East, Greece and Rome, edited by Olivier Hekster and Richard Fowler, 125–55. Stuttgart: Steiner.

Frye 1984 = Frye, Richard N. 1984. The History of Ancient Iran. München: Beck.

von Gall 1996 = Gall, Hubertus von. 1996. “Der grosse Reliefblock am sog. Partherhang.” In Bisutun: Ausgrabungen und Forschungen in den Jahren 1963-1967, edited by W. Kleiss and P. Calmeyer, 85–88. Berlin: Gebr. Mann.

Gignoux 1972 = Gignoux, Philippe. 1972. Glossaire Des Inscriptions Pehlevies et Parthes. Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum. Supplementary Series, no. 1. London: Lund Humphries.

Gregoratti 2015 = Gregoratti, L. 2015. “The Parthians of the Roman Empire.” In Soma 2011: Proceedings of the 15th Symposium on Mediterranean Archaeology, Held at the University of Catania, March 3–5th, 2011, edited by P. Militello and H. Oniz, 2: 731–35. Oxford: Archaeopress.

Gropp / Nadjmabadi 1970 = Gropp, Gerd, and Saifeddin Nadjmabadi. 1970. “Bericht über eine Reise in West- und Südiran.” Archaeologische Mitteilungen aus Iran 3: 173–230.

Hackl et al. 2010 = Hackl, Ursula, Bruno Jacobs, and Dieter Weber, eds. 2010. Quellen zur Geschichte des Partherreiches: Textsammlung mit Übersetzungen und Kommentaren. Göttingen; Oakville, CT: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Hartmann / Huber 2006 = Hartmann, Udo, and Irene Huber. 2006. “‘Denn ihrem Diktat vermochte der König nicht zu widersprechen…’ Die Position der Frauen am Hof der Arsakiden.” In Proceedings of the 5th Conference of the Societas Iranologica Europæa, Ravenna, 6-11 Oct 2003, edited by Antonio Panaino and Andrea Piras, Vol. I: Ancient & Middle Iranian Studies: 485–517. Milan: Mimesis.

Henning 1952 = Henning, W.B. 1952. “The Monuments and Inscriptions of Sang-I Sarvak.” Asia Major N.S. 2: 151–78.

Huyse 1999 = Huyse, Philip. 1999. Die Dreisprachige Inschrift Šābuhrs I. an Der Ka’ba-I Zardušt (ŠKZ). Vol. 3 (1). Corpus Inscriptionum Iranicarum. London: School of Oriental and African Studies.

Karras-Klapproth 1988 = Karras-Klapproth, Margarete. 1988. Prosopographische Studien zur Geschichte des Partherreiches auf der Grundlage antiker literarischer Überlieferung. Bonn: In Kommission bei R. Habelt.

Kawami 1987 = Kawami, Trudy S. 1987. Monumental Art of the Parthian Period in Iran. Leiden: Brill.

Kleiss 1970 = Kleiss, W. 1970. “Zur Topographie des ‘Partherhangs’ in Bisitun.” Archäologische Mitteilungen aus Iran 3: 133–68.

Lerouge 2007 = Lerouge, Charlotte. 2007. L’image des Parthes dans le monde gréco-romain. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.

Luther 2014 = Luther, Andreas. 2014. “Das Partherreich.” In Hellenistische Königreiche, edited by Kay Ehling and Gregor Weber, 154–59. Darmstadt: Philipp von Zabern.

Mathiesen 1992 = Mathiesen, Hans Erik. 1992. Sculpture in the Parthian Empire: A Study in Chronology. 2 vols. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Merkelbach / Stauber 2005 = Merkelbach, Reinhold, and Josef Stauber. 2005. Jenseits des Euphrat: griechische Inschriften: ein epigraphisches Lesebuch. München: K.G. Saur.

Minns 1915 = Minns, Ellis H. 1915. “Parchments of the Parthian Period from Avroman in Kurdistan.” The Journal of Hellenic Studies 35: 22–65.

Morano 1990 = Morano, Enrico. 1990. “Contributi All’interpretazione Della Bilingue Greco-Partica dell’Eracle Di Seleucia.” In Proceedings of the First European Conference of Iranian Studies Held in Turin, September 7th–11th, 1987 by the Societas Iranologica Europaea, edited by Gherardo Gnoli and Antonio Panaino, Part 1: Old and Middle Iranian Studies: 229–38. Rome: Instituto Italiano per il Medio ed estremo Oriente.

Nabel 2015 = Nabel, Jake. 2015. “Horace and the Tiridates Episode.” Rheinisches Museum für Philologie 158 (3/4): 304–25.

Nabel 2017 = Nabel, Jake. 2017. “The Seleucids Imprisoned: Arsacid-Roman Hostage Submission and Its Hellenistic Precedents.” In Arsacids, Romans, and Local Elites: Cross-Cultural Interactions of the Parthian Empire, edited by Jason M. Schlude and Benjamin B. Rubin, 25–50. Oxford; Philadelphia: Oxbow Books.

Nedergaard 1988 = Nedergaard, Elisabeth. 1988. “The Four Sons of Phraates IV in Rome.” In East and West: Cultural Relations in the Ancient World, edited by Tobias Fischer-Hansen, 102–15. Acta Hyperborea 1. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press.

Pennacchietti 1987 = Pennacchietti, Fabrizio A. 1987. “L’iscrizione Bilingue Greco-Partica Dell’eracle Di Seleucia.” Mesopotamia 22: 169–85.

Potter 1991 = Potter, D. S. 1991. “The Inscriptions on the Bronze Herakles of Mesene: Vologaeses IV’s War with Rome and the Date of Tacitus’ ‘Annales.’” Zeitschrift Für Papyrologie Und Epigraphik 88: 277–90. (available online here)

Potter 2004 = Potter, D. S. 2004. The Roman Empire at Bay, AD 180–395. London; New York: Routledge.

Robert 1963 = Robert, Louis. 1963. “Review of Samothrace. Vol. 2 Part 1: The Inscriptions on Stone by Karl Lehmann; P. M. Fraser.” Gnomon 35 (1): 50–79.

Rubin 2002 = Rubin, Zeev. 2002. “Res Gestae Divi Saporis: Greek and Middle Iranian in a Document of Sasanian Anti-Roman Propaganda.” In Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text, edited by J.N. Adams, Mark Janse, and Simon Swain, 267–97. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Schmitt 1998 = Schmitt, Rüdiger. 1998. “Parthische Sprach- und Namenüberlieferung aus arsakidischer Zeit.” In Das Partherreich und seine Zeugnisse = The Arsacid Empire: Sources and Documentation: Beiträge des internationalen Colloquiums, Eutin (27.-30. Juni 1996), edited by Josef Wiesehöfer, 163–204. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag.

Sellwood 1980 = Sellwood, David. 1980. An Introduction to the Coinage of Parthia. London: Spink.

Shayegan 2011 = Shayegan, M. Rahim. 2011. Arsacids and Sasanians: Political Ideology in Post-Hellenistic and Late Antique Persia. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sherwin-White / Kuhrt 1993 = Sherwin-White, Susan M., and Amélie Kuhrt. 1993. From Samarkhand to Sardis: A New Approach to the Seleucid Empire. Hellenistic Culture and Society 13. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Sinisi et al. 2012 = Sinisi, Fabrizio A., Vesta Sarkhosh Curtis, Dāriyūsh Akbarzādah, and Michael Alram, eds. 2012. Sylloge Nummorum Parthicorum: Vologaeses I – Pacorus II. Vol. 7. 9 vols. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Part of a new effort to comprehensively edit and publish the coinage of the Arsacid kings; in time, this series should replace Sellwood 1980.

Wiesehöfer 1993 = Wiesehöfer, Josef. 1993. Das antike Persien: von 550 v. Chr. bis 650 n. Chr. München; Zürich: Artemis & Winkler.

Wiesehöfer 1996 = Wiesehöfer, Josef. 1996. Ancient Persia: From 550 BC to 650 AD. Translated by Azizeh Azodi. London ; New York: I.B. Tauris.

An English translation of Wiesehöfer’s 1993 introduction to ancient Persia.

Wiesehöfer 2010 = Wiesehöfer, Josef. 2010. “Augustus und die Parther.” In Imperium–Varus und seine Zeit: Beiträge zum internationalen Kolloquium des LWL-Römermuseums am 28. und 29. April 2008 in Münster, edited by Rudolf Aßkamp and Tobias Esch, 187–95. Münster: Aschendorff Verlag.

Wiesehöfer 2015 = Wiesehöfer, Josef. 2015. “Greek Poleis in the Near East and Their Parthian Overlords.” In Urban Dreams and Realities in Antiquity, edited by Adam Kemezis, 328–46. Leiden: Brill.

Online Resources

Parthia.com
The website of Edward C.D. Hopkins, a good general resource with many excellent photos of Parthian coins.

Lacus Curtius
An extensive site by Bill Thayer. Many of the Greek and Roman authors who discuss Parthia can be read in translation here.

Livius.org
Many articles on the ancient Mediterranean and Near East. A helpful page on the Babylonian Chronicles has several documents relevant to Parthian history.

Bibliographia Iranica
A very helpful blog that announces new works of scholarship on ancient Iranian history, religion, languages, and literature. Headed by Arash Zeini.

Iranologie.com
The website of historian Khodadad Rezakhani with pages on Iranian history from the ancient to the early modern period.